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Khilafat

A Special Message by Hazrat-Khalifatul Masih V (aba)

Broadcast by MTA International, tex originally transcribed and published by Al Hakam.

 

After reciting Tashahud and Ta‘awuz, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaa stated the following: 

Due to the pandemic that has recently spread, numerous world governments have implemented restrictions, including the British government here, that congregational prayers are not allowed at mosques. And, if it is allowed, then no more than two or a few people can convene together, and they too should be members of the same household.

At present, the law has not been clearly defined and people hold differing views, saying that this is only allowed (as I said) with close family members. Others are saying that family or people living together can convene.

Nevertheless, during these conditions, until it does not become clear, we cannot offer Jumuah congregations because even in Friday prayers, some aspects require clarification. That is why, after consultation, I have decided to deliver a message from my office to address and talk to you, instead of delivering a [Friday] Sermon – not observing the Friday congregation.

Every Friday, listening to the sermon of the Khalifa of the time is something that all of you have developed a habit of. If, currently, I do not address the Jamaat, then some people develop despair and various assumptions begin to surface. For this reason, I thought it best to address the Jamaat in one way or another and this transpired into addressing the Jamaat from my office.

Anyhow, like I said, we will not offer the Jumuah congregational prayers [together] and whatever manner that will be adopted for the future will, insha-Allah, be informed to everyone. We cannot leave Friday prayers for a long period of time either and, like I said, my communication with the Jamaat is also essential and in the present conditions, it is even more essential. For this reason, after consultations with lawyers and concerned persons, we will, insha-Allah, come up with the solution.

I would also like to say to members of the Jamaat that where the government has prohibited attending the mosque due to this virus – rather, it has not completely prohibited it; for example here in the UK, individually you can offer prayers at the mosque or a few family members can come and offer their prayers but only while upholding the government’s advice of keeping a safe distance between each other – congregational prayers where everyone attends cannot be offered.

In such conditions, Jamaat members should pay attention to arranging congregational prayers in their homes. Members of the household should also convene and offer Jumuah prayers. Friday sermons can be given by reading extracts from Malfuzat or from other Jamaat literature or other writings of the Promised Messiahas or Al Fazl and Al Hakam. Any mature boy or man from the household can lead the Friday prayer and prayers in general.

In any case, Jumuah congregational prayers cannot be left for a prolonged period. When people begin to prepare for and offer Friday prayers [at home], they will inevitably begin to read and as a result, while increasing in knowledge, despite governmental restrictions to stay at home, there will be religious and spiritual benefit.

In fact, in the initiative of Al Hakam these days, for people to comment on how they are spending their time at home, most people are writing that they are, by reading the Quran, hadith, books of the Promsised Messiah (as) and Jamaat literature, increasing their knowledge. Even in the wider world, worldly people are hugely commenting on different websites and are saying that they also, due to this reason, are getting the opportunity to better their family and personal conditions and that their family life has returned.

Thus, we should also spend time with our families by improving ourselves and positively bringing up children. There are very good programmes shown on MTA; try to spend some time watching these programmes together.

Apart from this, like I have said before, you should fully abide by the rules and regulations that the government has set out for the benefit and health of the populace.

The most important aspect, as I have said in my previous sermons, is to pay a lot of attention towards prayers. Through prayers, we can attract the grace of Allah the Almighty and better our spiritual and physical wellbeing. This is what the Promised Messiah (as) continuously advised us toward and even in such conditions, told us that the most important thing is to seek forgiveness from God Almighty, cleanse our hearts and engage in good works. God the Almighty has given us a great weapon through prayer; through it [prayer] we should try to seek and enter the mercy of Allah the Almighty.

As for not offering Friday congregational prayers [together], in some instances, it is proven from some ahadith that congregational prayers and Friday congregational prayer can be exempt. For example, there is a hadith in Bukhari that Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra), on a rainy day, told the muazins [callers to prayer] not to say “Hayya alas-Salah (come to prayer) but to say “Sallu fi buyutikum” (pray in your homes). People found this as something novel and raised concern, but Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) said that he –  meaning the Holy Prophet (sa) – “also practised this, who was better than me. Though the Friday prayer is an obligatory duty, yet I disliked putting you to hardship lest you walk in mud and rain.”

This narration, with some differences in wording, is also mentioned in Muslim. It is a narration from Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) that during a rainy day, he said to his muazin that after he said “Ashadu al-la ilaha ilallah wa ashadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh”, he should not say “Hayya alas-Salah” (come to prayer) but say, “Sallu fi buyutikum” (pray in your homes). The narrator says that people found this as novel. In reply, Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) said, “Do you deem this strange? This was done by him, who was better than me. Though the Friday prayer is an obligatory duty. But I disliked putting you to hardship lest you walk in mud and rain.”

Allama Imam Nawawi, in the commentary of this hadith, writes, ‘And in this hadith, the argument to suspend Friday congregation during the constraint of rain etc. is present. And this is also our belief”. He writes, “And this is also our belief and the belief of other jurists, whereas Imam Malik’s (rh) view opposes this. Allah knows better what is right.”

In the same way, [Islamic] jurists have included, within the excuses not to attend Jumuah and congregational prayers, such illness which make it difficult to attend the mosque. Their proof of this is within Allah the Almighty’s instruction that “Allah the Almighty has laid no hardship upon you in religion [Surah al-Hajj, Ch.22, V.79]. On this basis, when the Holy Prophet (sa) fell ill and stopped going to the mosque, he said to tell Abu Bakrra to lead the people in prayer.”

This hadith is mentioned in both Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. In the same way, due to the outbreak of an illness, a person who is fearful has been labelled as one who is ill. And the proof of this is in that narration of Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) in which the Holy Prophet (sa) said that fear and illness are [legitimate] excuses.

Nonetheless, this disease that can spread and for which the government have set some rules and regulations (and according to following the law of the land, we should also abide by) has meant that in such conditions, convening at one place and offering congregational prayers or Friday congregation is difficult. However, as I have said, in your homes, develop the habit of offering prayers in congregation; children will learn that offering prayers is imperative and offering them in congregation is essential and in today’s condition, where we cannot go to the mosque, it is still important to carry out this obligation in your homes. Pay special attention towards this.

At times, during journeys, such conditions also arose during the life of the Promised Messiah (as) when he did not offer the Jumuah prayer. Nevertheless, there are lots of narrations about this that throw light on the fact that congregating or meeting each other during contagious diseases is not right and we should remain at distance.

As I have said before, we are not leaving this forever and are arranging for Jumuah prayers to take place in homes. I will also endeavour to arrange this.

It is also important to pray that Allah shows His grace. As said before, may Allah the Almighty quickly cleanse the world from this pandemic and may he enable everyone to fulfil all the rights of humanity and recognise their Creator.

May Allah enable us all to do this.

Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatahu

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Five Examples Of How Khilafat Has Helped The Muslim Ummah

The Ahmadiyya Muslim community is fortunate that it is guided by Khilafat. However, the blessings of Khilafat are not only for Ahmadi Muslims but those who are not part of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community benefit from Khilafat as well. Here are five examples of how the Caliphs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community benefit the entire Ummah.

 

Hazrat Hakeem Maulana Nooruddin — Khalifatul-Masih Ira

Hazrat Hakeem Maulana Nooruddinra (the successor of the Promised Messiahas)  was a great man of learning. Soon after he became the Khalifatul-Masih, he setup various humanitarian institutions. Furthermore, he played a vital role in strengthening the institution of Khilafat after 1400 years. This was a very delicate time as Muslims had been blessed with Khilafat on the precepts of prophethood after fourteen centuries, therefore, the colossal task of safeguarding Khilafat was something that the entire Muslim Ummah should be grateful for.

 

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IIra

In 1931, the All-India-Kashmir Committee was set up for the establishment of the civil rights of the Muslims of Kashmir and to alleviate their oppression. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmadra  was elected as its first president. He sought to gather Muslim leaders with different opinions on one platform for the cause of the Muslims of Kashmir. He is known to have achieved great success in doing so. The committee turned the attention of the Muslims of Kashmir towards acquiring education and Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIra himself gave practical help towards this cause. The committee led by him also encouraged trade, commerce and involvement in politics among the Muslims of Kashmir.

The committee, however, faced strong opposition from the Indian National Congress and the opponents of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Such opponents alleged that the committee was formed by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in order to spread its teachings and they strongly opposed the leadership of the Ahmadiyya Caliph. However, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmadra did not stop his humanitarian efforts and advised the opponents:

“They should stop this hearsay for the sake of the oppressed brothers of Kashmir. Let them come; I am ready to leave presidency but they must promise that they will follow the decision of the majority of Muslims… I assure them that even after stepping down from the presidency, me and my Community shall help them (the people of Kashmir) more than their associates. The presidency is not a thing of respect for me. Respect is gained from service. The leader of a nation is one who serves it…”

The manner in which Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIra championed the rights of Muslims, especially those of Kashmir, is something which has been unmatched since. Indeed, the time he spent as president of the committee was a source of great help to Muslims as a whole just like his entire Khilafat.

 

Hazrat Mirza Nasir Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh

In 1970, Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh embarked on a nine-week tour of various African countries. During his visit, he attended numerous receptions held in his honour and inspected the educational, social as well as spiritual services rendered by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community of various African countries. He established the Nusrat Jahan scheme and appealed for financial contributions from the community. Under this scheme, Ahmadi doctors and teachers are serving in various parts of Africa by running numerous medical clinics and secondary schools. Indeed, this scheme is an example of how Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh benefitted not just Muslims but people from all walks of life and all religions. It is under this scheme that many schools, hospitals and services are functioning in the poorest parts of the world. Such an initiative was conceived and launched by the third Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

 

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IVrh

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmadrh was a great scholar and visionary who quickened the propagation of Islam in many ways, especially with the establishment of Muslim Television Ahmadiyya (MTA) in 1994. With this came a new age of rapid communication and meant that the true teachings of Islam could be spread throughout the world. It was through MTA that the Caliph could be heard and seen globally. MTA has grown drastically since its inception and today serves as the premier platform on which the Caliph educates and spiritually nurtures the world, indeed people from all religions benefit from this.

 

 

Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih Vaba

As the current leader of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, His Holinessaba has proactively championed the cause of Islam and is a constant source of guidance for all Muslims. In a time where Islam’s teachings are misinterpreted and portrayed in the wrong manner, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Khalifatul-Masih Vaba, continuously preaches the true teachings of Islam, thus defending Islam and allowing Muslims to be presented in a positive manner. He has visited almost every part of the world and spoken in various parliaments to explain and educate the world as to the true message of the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. This is why many Muslims turn towards him at times of crisis for guidance.

The Caliphs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community have not just been a source of guidance for those who have entered the fold of the Community, but the entire Muslim Ummah has benefitted from them since the inception of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Caliphate in 1908.

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Letters to Heads of State

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih V (aba) wrote letters to world leaders – what guidance did Huzoor (aba) offer?

A total of 17 letters were sent by Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih Vaba of which 14 were to national leaders of Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Israel, Japan, Nigeria, Russia, Sierra Leone, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

In addition to those 14 letters, His Holinessaba also sent letters to Pope Francis and the Secretary General of the United Nations.

His Holinessaba sent the same message to France, China, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, Russia, UK, USA and Canada. Therefore, these extracts below join to formulate a single message.

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Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib – A noble example for all Khuddam to follow

In today’s Friday Sermon, Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih Vaba narrated some incidents from the life of a servant of the Jama’at, Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib, who recently passed away, at the age of 87. Huzooraba said that he was currently serving as the Wakile Ala [Chief Director] in Tehrik-e-Jadid, Sadr Majlis Tehrik-e-Jadid Anjuman Ahmadiyya, and had also been serving in the capacity of Afsar Jalsa Salana for a very long time.

The father of Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib, Babu Muhammad Bakhsh Sahib, accepted Ahmadiyyat five years prior to Chaudhary Sahib’s birth in 1934, upon seeing the Holy Prophetsa directing him towards accepting Ahmadiyyat in a dream. In this dream his father saw that the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa had given him a chair with arm rests. This was an indication that one day Babu Muhammad Bakhsh Sahib’s son, Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib would be trusted with a high office in the Community of the Promised Messiahas.

When Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIra made an appeal for Ahmadis to devote their lives in the service of Islam in 1946, Chaudhary Sahib’s mother, Aisha Bibi Sahiba, took him to Huzoorra and presented him as a life devotee. Upon this, Huzoorra gave some instructions regarding his further education.

Upon the direction of Huzoorra he completed his BSc and achieved 2nd position in the whole province. Then upon completing his MA in Maths, he was appointed a teacher and later the Mathematics department head at the Talimul-Islam College in Rabwah. He continued to serve as a teacher until 1974, when, upon the instructions of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh, he resigned. Huzoorrh then appointed him the Nazir Ziafat [Director for Hospitality].

In 1982, Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IVrh appointed him as the Wakile Ala in Tehrik-e-Jadid and later in 1989, when the Community celebrated its Jubilee, he was appointed the Sadr Majlis Tehrik-e-Jadid. He continued to serve in these capacities until his demise. He also served as the Amir Muqami for some time during the era of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh.

He had the honour of serving in various roles in Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya. In 1969, when Chaudhary Hameedulah Sahib was appointed Sadr Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya (back then there was one Sadr for Khuddamul Ahmadiyya across the world), Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh delivered an address in which he praised him. In this address Huzoorrh outlined the importance of serving with true spirit, whether one is from the direct progeny, or the spiritual progeny of the Promised Messiahas. Huzoorrh stated:

“I am greatly pleased, that after a long time, a sincere and selfless youngster has become the Sadr who does not have any blood relation to the Promised Messiahas, but is capable of discharging this responsibility with the help of God Almighty… Thus, you should pray for this youngster who has become the new Sadr and also pray for the youngster [Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Tahir Ahmadrh] who has discharged his office [and is moving on]. May Allah the Almighty accept their efforts and grant the incumbent [Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib] the ability to excel previous Presidents with the help of God. We cannot remain on one place, every one of our people—upon whom this responsibility is placed—should endeavour to excel those before him.

As I was saying that the individual who has taken charge of Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya [Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib] is not related to the family of the Promised Messiahas by any blood-relation. However, every individual is—through their resolve, efforts, prayer and humility—capable of becoming the spiritual progeny of Allah the Almighty, and should try to become His true spiritual son.”[1]

Huzooraba narrated a similar account when Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh addressed Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya a year later at the National Ijtema of 1970 and said that he appointed a sincere youngster as the President of Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya Markazia, who even though was not from the direct progeny of Promised Messiahas, yet had a very strong spiritual relationship with him. Allah the Almighty enabled him to serve and blessed his efforts and accepted our prayers.

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih Vaba said that these words which Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh used to guide Chaudhary Sahib should always remain before us as we serve the Jama’at in whatever role assigned to us and, while doing so, we should pray for the elevated station of Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib as it was because of him that we were able to hear these golden instructions.

It was during Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib’s tenure as Sadr Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya that the series of addresses called Mashale-Rah were compiled and published. These are the addresses that Khulafah have delivered to Khuddamul Ahmadiyya. Indeed this alone is a means of an ongoing Sadqah for him. Alongside this, the Majlis made remarkable progress.

The entire Friday Sermon was based on narrations of Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib’s service, dedication, and piety. There were countless instances of his humility that accompanied his administrative prowess. Chaudhary Hameedullah Sahib served as the Wakile Ala for Tehrik-e-Jadid for 38 years and he served in this capacity until his demise.

 

[1] Mashale-Rah, Volume 2, page 210.

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