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Khilafat

A Special Message by Hazrat-Khalifatul Masih V (aba)

Broadcast by MTA International, tex originally transcribed and published by Al Hakam.

 

After reciting Tashahud and Ta‘awuz, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaa stated the following: 

Due to the pandemic that has recently spread, numerous world governments have implemented restrictions, including the British government here, that congregational prayers are not allowed at mosques. And, if it is allowed, then no more than two or a few people can convene together, and they too should be members of the same household.

At present, the law has not been clearly defined and people hold differing views, saying that this is only allowed (as I said) with close family members. Others are saying that family or people living together can convene.

Nevertheless, during these conditions, until it does not become clear, we cannot offer Jumuah congregations because even in Friday prayers, some aspects require clarification. That is why, after consultation, I have decided to deliver a message from my office to address and talk to you, instead of delivering a [Friday] Sermon – not observing the Friday congregation.

Every Friday, listening to the sermon of the Khalifa of the time is something that all of you have developed a habit of. If, currently, I do not address the Jamaat, then some people develop despair and various assumptions begin to surface. For this reason, I thought it best to address the Jamaat in one way or another and this transpired into addressing the Jamaat from my office.

Anyhow, like I said, we will not offer the Jumuah congregational prayers [together] and whatever manner that will be adopted for the future will, insha-Allah, be informed to everyone. We cannot leave Friday prayers for a long period of time either and, like I said, my communication with the Jamaat is also essential and in the present conditions, it is even more essential. For this reason, after consultations with lawyers and concerned persons, we will, insha-Allah, come up with the solution.

I would also like to say to members of the Jamaat that where the government has prohibited attending the mosque due to this virus – rather, it has not completely prohibited it; for example here in the UK, individually you can offer prayers at the mosque or a few family members can come and offer their prayers but only while upholding the government’s advice of keeping a safe distance between each other – congregational prayers where everyone attends cannot be offered.

In such conditions, Jamaat members should pay attention to arranging congregational prayers in their homes. Members of the household should also convene and offer Jumuah prayers. Friday sermons can be given by reading extracts from Malfuzat or from other Jamaat literature or other writings of the Promised Messiahas or Al Fazl and Al Hakam. Any mature boy or man from the household can lead the Friday prayer and prayers in general.

In any case, Jumuah congregational prayers cannot be left for a prolonged period. When people begin to prepare for and offer Friday prayers [at home], they will inevitably begin to read and as a result, while increasing in knowledge, despite governmental restrictions to stay at home, there will be religious and spiritual benefit.

In fact, in the initiative of Al Hakam these days, for people to comment on how they are spending their time at home, most people are writing that they are, by reading the Quran, hadith, books of the Promsised Messiah (as) and Jamaat literature, increasing their knowledge. Even in the wider world, worldly people are hugely commenting on different websites and are saying that they also, due to this reason, are getting the opportunity to better their family and personal conditions and that their family life has returned.

Thus, we should also spend time with our families by improving ourselves and positively bringing up children. There are very good programmes shown on MTA; try to spend some time watching these programmes together.

Apart from this, like I have said before, you should fully abide by the rules and regulations that the government has set out for the benefit and health of the populace.

The most important aspect, as I have said in my previous sermons, is to pay a lot of attention towards prayers. Through prayers, we can attract the grace of Allah the Almighty and better our spiritual and physical wellbeing. This is what the Promised Messiah (as) continuously advised us toward and even in such conditions, told us that the most important thing is to seek forgiveness from God Almighty, cleanse our hearts and engage in good works. God the Almighty has given us a great weapon through prayer; through it [prayer] we should try to seek and enter the mercy of Allah the Almighty.

As for not offering Friday congregational prayers [together], in some instances, it is proven from some ahadith that congregational prayers and Friday congregational prayer can be exempt. For example, there is a hadith in Bukhari that Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra), on a rainy day, told the muazins [callers to prayer] not to say “Hayya alas-Salah (come to prayer) but to say “Sallu fi buyutikum” (pray in your homes). People found this as something novel and raised concern, but Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) said that he –  meaning the Holy Prophet (sa) – “also practised this, who was better than me. Though the Friday prayer is an obligatory duty, yet I disliked putting you to hardship lest you walk in mud and rain.”

This narration, with some differences in wording, is also mentioned in Muslim. It is a narration from Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) that during a rainy day, he said to his muazin that after he said “Ashadu al-la ilaha ilallah wa ashadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh”, he should not say “Hayya alas-Salah” (come to prayer) but say, “Sallu fi buyutikum” (pray in your homes). The narrator says that people found this as novel. In reply, Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) said, “Do you deem this strange? This was done by him, who was better than me. Though the Friday prayer is an obligatory duty. But I disliked putting you to hardship lest you walk in mud and rain.”

Allama Imam Nawawi, in the commentary of this hadith, writes, ‘And in this hadith, the argument to suspend Friday congregation during the constraint of rain etc. is present. And this is also our belief”. He writes, “And this is also our belief and the belief of other jurists, whereas Imam Malik’s (rh) view opposes this. Allah knows better what is right.”

In the same way, [Islamic] jurists have included, within the excuses not to attend Jumuah and congregational prayers, such illness which make it difficult to attend the mosque. Their proof of this is within Allah the Almighty’s instruction that “Allah the Almighty has laid no hardship upon you in religion [Surah al-Hajj, Ch.22, V.79]. On this basis, when the Holy Prophet (sa) fell ill and stopped going to the mosque, he said to tell Abu Bakrra to lead the people in prayer.”

This hadith is mentioned in both Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. In the same way, due to the outbreak of an illness, a person who is fearful has been labelled as one who is ill. And the proof of this is in that narration of Hazrat Ibn Abbas (ra) in which the Holy Prophet (sa) said that fear and illness are [legitimate] excuses.

Nonetheless, this disease that can spread and for which the government have set some rules and regulations (and according to following the law of the land, we should also abide by) has meant that in such conditions, convening at one place and offering congregational prayers or Friday congregation is difficult. However, as I have said, in your homes, develop the habit of offering prayers in congregation; children will learn that offering prayers is imperative and offering them in congregation is essential and in today’s condition, where we cannot go to the mosque, it is still important to carry out this obligation in your homes. Pay special attention towards this.

At times, during journeys, such conditions also arose during the life of the Promised Messiah (as) when he did not offer the Jumuah prayer. Nevertheless, there are lots of narrations about this that throw light on the fact that congregating or meeting each other during contagious diseases is not right and we should remain at distance.

As I have said before, we are not leaving this forever and are arranging for Jumuah prayers to take place in homes. I will also endeavour to arrange this.

It is also important to pray that Allah shows His grace. As said before, may Allah the Almighty quickly cleanse the world from this pandemic and may he enable everyone to fulfil all the rights of humanity and recognise their Creator.

May Allah enable us all to do this.

Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatahu

Khilafat

A Khadim’s Journey to Waqf

Serving in the Review of Religions

My journey to dedicating my life as a Waqf-e-Zindagi [life devotee]was almost bound to happen but unexpected at the same time. Growing up as a Waqf-e-Nau and knowing that my parents had dedicated my life before I was born made me feel special and different from the majority of my friends, but it also came with huge expectations that stayed with me during school and college. Whilst everyone was hanging out with friends, going to parties, mixing with boys and girls, I had this underlying responsibility to not follow the trend because I knew the Jama’at had something bigger for me to accomplish in the future. Not knowing what that would be, I still kept focus on my own goals and avoided chasing anything that would lead me away from my targets and I limited myself to always keeping the picture of Waqf at the forefront of my mind. I remember when I was in college, at the age of 17, I was blessed to have a mulaqat with Huzooraba where I asked for his guidance on the career I should pursue and the course I should study at university. I was surprised because a lot of my family and friends expected me to do Medicine, Law or go to Jamia but in the mulaqat, Huzooraba asked me what subjects I’m interested in or good at. I mentioned to Huzooraba that the subject I am best at and got the best grades in was English Literature and to my surprise Huzooraba said to do that as an undergraduate degree then a Masters in the same subject. When Huzooraba said  that, I felt a massive weight off my shoulder because it was something I wanted to do myself and now that Huzooraba had also told me that I should do it, I felt contentment and the drive to succeed in it.

A real turning point occurred in the final year of my undergraduate degree where I failed one coursework module and had to resit in the summer. The course instructors told me that I had to pass the resit otherwise I would not be able to resit the module again and would most likely need to retake the year. I was extremely nervous not only because I would waste a year but also because I felt I would be letting Huzooraba and my family down who had high expectations for me as a Waqf-e-Nau. One night I was especially nervous about passing and I prayed to God and begged Him to allow me to pass this module and my degree, and I said that, if that happened, I would somehow dedicate my life to the Jama’at and not pursue any other career or job. After the prayer I felt that I had really tried to leave it up to God and hoped that something would happen where I would finally pass this degree. I remember when the results came in September, I opened my laptop to see the grades online and it said I passed.

My family were happy and celebrating, but I knew because of that prayer God had done it for me and when I really needed help and support, He gave it to me. So I had it in my mind to now dedicate my life to His service. After my degree I applied for the Masters course at the same university and got in and that was much easier to finish because I was more mature and able to take the initiative in my work. After that year I remember I had just finished the course and was at Fazl Mosque in London and Amer Safir (Chief Editor of Review of Religions) met me randomly, when I was just about to leave the Mosque to go home. He asked me what I was studying and what plans I had for the future and added “Have you ever thought about working for the Jama’at or doing Waqf?” I said that I was already a Waqf-e-Nau but I had been thinking about serving the Jama’at in some way. He said he thought I would be useful in the Review of Religions because I did English Literature and he said he would write to Huzooraba about it. Surprisingly, he called me a few days later saying Huzooraba has asked to see me about Waqf, and that time I was shocked as I didn’t expect it to move that quickly. But I went to the mulaqat and, remembering the promise I made to God to serve the Jama’at, I opened my mind to whatever Huzooraba would want me to do. In the mulaqat Huzooraba directly said to me that being a Waqf-e-Zindagi is not like any other job in the world and doesn’t pay much, and whether I was ready for that. I said “Yes Huzooraba I am ready.” He said “Okay fill in the paperwork and start in the Review of Religions”. Completely surprised, a few days later I was serving in the Review of Religions under the guidance of Huzooraba and I felt my focus and dedication to serving the Jama’at came true in a way I would have never expected.

I have been serving as a Waqf-e-Zindagi for the past 8 years, and it has been extremely rewarding, fulfilling and challenging, which is in line with my own nature, and what I wanted out of life. I have been blessed with the opportunity to travel to different countries like America, Canada and around Europe to make content for the Magazine and to push the message of the Promised Messiahas to the West. We are constantly trying to push the boundaries and set the trends in what the world consumes, and putting out the message of Ahmadiyyat in new and innovative ways that is easily digestible to young and old. Using platforms like YouTube, Twitter, Instagram and Facebook, we are engaging people in ways that have never been done before like social experiments, podcasts, talk shows and seminars. Combining this with writing articles on Islamic issues and addressing misconceptions people have about my faith keeps me on my toes with current world events and political changes. I have had to increase my ability to learn new software, skills and also increase my stamina to work and think creatively so that the team and myself can best serve the world with the message of Islam.

There is hardly a day off because there is always more work to do but living life with a purpose and passion is more fun than living a life of mediocrity. I feel like my inclination to the Jama’at has helped me to find my purpose in life, and also my attachment to Khilafat has lead me along this path where I can serve my faith and create a stronger connection with God by serving Him and His creation every day of my life.

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Prayers of Ramadan Should Continue Afterwards too

Translation of the final part of the Friday Sermon of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih V (aba) delivered on 7 May 2021 at Islamabad, Tilford.

Towards the end of today’s Friday Sermon, Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih V (aba) discussed the importance of continuing prayers after Ramadan so that we can safeguard ourselves and children from the evils of today’s age. Huzoor (aba) stated:

“Now I wish to briefly direct everyone’s attention towards the fact that today is the final Friday of Ramadan. This should not be taken as merely the final Jummu’ah of Ramadan, rather this Jummu’ah should be one which discloses for us new paths for the future. Those matters towards which we have inclined in Ramadan and those acts of virtue which have been practiced during it, we ought to continue after Ramadan—rather even progress in them. Otherwise, it is pointless for us to pass through Ramadan if we do not continue virtue, [uphold] moral progress, and further expand in it.

In the previous Friday Sermon, I directed attention towards Durood and Istighfar [seeking forgiveness]. That is something that should not remain limited to Ramadan alone, that as soon as Ramadan passes we indulge in worldly affairs in a way that we forget prayers and Istighfar. This is why I specifically mentioned that [Durood and Istighfar] is something we should continue forever.

In this age, when the schemes of the Dajjal are using new means, where the majority of the world has been taken into their fold, sometimes our youth and children fall under their influence. In such situation we certainly need prayers for ourselves. May Allah the Almighty safeguard us from these satanic and evil attacks. Ameen.

By attaching our children to ourselves, by fostering a deep connection with them, by creating a special bond with them, we need to tell them about Allah the Almighty and the beautiful teachings of Islam. Then after instilling complete certainty into the hearts of children, attach them with God Almighty in such a way that no deed of theirs, no action, no endeavour, no thought goes against the will of God Almighty and His teachings. They should have an answer to every worldly thought and disorder. It should not be the case that they do not know the answers to some matters and are influenced by them [rather] they should possess the answers through which they can save themselves from disorder. This is the only way to correct the lives of our children and an assurance of their safety. And this is the proper manner to safeguard our progenies from all types of disorders. However, this cannot be achieved until we ourselves attain lofty standards in our faith, until we attain the standard which should be the hallmark of a believer. This shall be possible when our relationship with God Almighty is strong, our prayers and our worship is of a high degree and we properly understand why we have undertaken the Bai’at of the Promised Messiahas. This is a huge responsibility which falls upon us, that by strengthening our faith, making steadfast our actions, we become the means of saving our progenies.

The amount of promiscuity and vain and evil matters that exist today have only perhaps existed before us. These evils have reached every household through the TV and internet. Before there was danger outside the home, now there is danger even inside. If children are watching something on their own, it cannot be said as to what they are watching. There is much need for caution.

The progenies of the elders—or the pioneer Ahmadis, or the progenies of those Ahmadis who undertook the Bai’at themselves and became part of this Community, who have accepted the Imam of the age and in order to safeguard their faith were prepared to make every sacrifice, and indeed they did—should remember that only if we keep our faith above worldly affairs and we keep our moral conditions before us, can we save ourselves and our children. No family—irrespective of which family it is, whether it is the family of pious elders or their children—can guarantee that Allah the Almighty shall certainly continue to bless them or shall be pleased with them. It is the practice of every individual which is needed to gain the pleasure of Allah the Almighty. It is our actions which shall save us. No relationship to anyone or family can save someone. It is for this reason that we should engage in prayers. We ought to keep a close eye on our religious shortcomings. We should pray for the spiritual progress of our children and progeny more than their worldly progress. We pray for worldly progress a lot, whereas we ought to be praying for spiritual progress much more. In the same way, those who have become Ahmadis themselves would also have to incline themselves and their thoughts onto this line of practice. It is only in such condition that we can survive and our children can survive too.

Thus, in the remaining days of Ramadan it is important to pray that may Allah the Almighty safeguard our faith and that of our children. May we spiritually progress. Even after Ramadan may the standards of our worship continue to increase. May we establish a firm relationship with God Almighty. May we be saved from falling to the plots and schemes of the Dajjal. Worldly comforts should not be our aim rather may Allah the Almighty bless us with those worldly and spiritual rewards which make us bow down before Him in a state of thankfulness and make us a complete worshipper.

I also want to direct attention towards the pandemic which has taken hold of the entire world, that in order to be saved from this a lot of prayers are needed.

In the same way pray for those Ahmadis in countries where there is a lot of persecution and the lives of Ahmadis have been made difficult, may Allah the Almighty create ease for them. The Ahmadis of Pakistan should especially focus on Sadqah and charity in these days and afterwards as well. Inshallah these prayers shall render all the attacks of the enemy useless.

 

These prayers should be regularly recited:

 

رَبِّ کُلُّ شَیْءٍ خَادِمُکَ رَبِّ فَاحْفَظْنِیْ وَا نْصُرْنِیْ وَ ارْحَمْنِیْ

[O my Lord! Everything is Thy servant. O my Lord! Protect me and help me and have mercy on me.]

اَللّٰھُمَّ اِنَّا نَجْعَلُکَ فِیْ نُحُوْرِھِمْ وَ نَعُوْذُ بِکَ مِنْ شُرُوْرِھِمْ

[O Allah! We make Thee a shield against the enemies and seek Thy refuge from their evils.]

It should also be remembered that mere prayers are not beneficial. People write to me asking what prayers should be recited, till we do not properly observe our Prayers [Salat] there is no benefit in reciting prayers from the tongue. The way in which Prayers are observed in Ramadan should also continue afterwards, it is only then that we can absorb the grace and succour of God Almighty in the proper manner.

In the same way, pray to be saved from every trial. May the remaining few days [of Ramadan] pass with success and may we continue the virtues we adopted. Also remember the more we expand the circle of our prayers the more we shall be blessed. That is why every Ahmadi should pray for the difficulties of other Ahmadis to be removed. In this way, in a subtle way, an atmosphere of brotherhood and good relationships will be adopted. There will of course be a spiritual benefit but also a practical one too that more love and harmony will be created.

Pray for the Muslim Ummah too. The direction in which it is heading and the after rejecting the prophet of the age the way it is ruining itself, may Allah the Almighty safeguard it.

Pray for humanity as a whole, may Allah cause it to walk on the right path and enable it to be saved from the displeasure of Allah. Our task is to pray and to continue to pray during Ramadan and after it too. May Allah the Almighty enable all to do this.”

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Five Examples Of How Khilafat Has Helped The Muslim Ummah

The Ahmadiyya Muslim community is fortunate that it is guided by Khilafat. However, the blessings of Khilafat are not only for Ahmadi Muslims but those who are not part of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community benefit from Khilafat as well. Here are five examples of how the Caliphs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community benefit the entire Ummah.

 

Hazrat Hakeem Maulana Nooruddin — Khalifatul-Masih Ira

Hazrat Hakeem Maulana Nooruddinra (the successor of the Promised Messiahas)  was a great man of learning. Soon after he became the Khalifatul-Masih, he setup various humanitarian institutions. Furthermore, he played a vital role in strengthening the institution of Khilafat after 1400 years. This was a very delicate time as Muslims had been blessed with Khilafat on the precepts of prophethood after fourteen centuries, therefore, the colossal task of safeguarding Khilafat was something that the entire Muslim Ummah should be grateful for.

 

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IIra

In 1931, the All-India-Kashmir Committee was set up for the establishment of the civil rights of the Muslims of Kashmir and to alleviate their oppression. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmadra  was elected as its first president. He sought to gather Muslim leaders with different opinions on one platform for the cause of the Muslims of Kashmir. He is known to have achieved great success in doing so. The committee turned the attention of the Muslims of Kashmir towards acquiring education and Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIra himself gave practical help towards this cause. The committee led by him also encouraged trade, commerce and involvement in politics among the Muslims of Kashmir.

The committee, however, faced strong opposition from the Indian National Congress and the opponents of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Such opponents alleged that the committee was formed by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in order to spread its teachings and they strongly opposed the leadership of the Ahmadiyya Caliph. However, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmadra did not stop his humanitarian efforts and advised the opponents:

“They should stop this hearsay for the sake of the oppressed brothers of Kashmir. Let them come; I am ready to leave presidency but they must promise that they will follow the decision of the majority of Muslims… I assure them that even after stepping down from the presidency, me and my Community shall help them (the people of Kashmir) more than their associates. The presidency is not a thing of respect for me. Respect is gained from service. The leader of a nation is one who serves it…”

The manner in which Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIra championed the rights of Muslims, especially those of Kashmir, is something which has been unmatched since. Indeed, the time he spent as president of the committee was a source of great help to Muslims as a whole just like his entire Khilafat.

 

Hazrat Mirza Nasir Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh

In 1970, Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh embarked on a nine-week tour of various African countries. During his visit, he attended numerous receptions held in his honour and inspected the educational, social as well as spiritual services rendered by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community of various African countries. He established the Nusrat Jahan scheme and appealed for financial contributions from the community. Under this scheme, Ahmadi doctors and teachers are serving in various parts of Africa by running numerous medical clinics and secondary schools. Indeed, this scheme is an example of how Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IIIrh benefitted not just Muslims but people from all walks of life and all religions. It is under this scheme that many schools, hospitals and services are functioning in the poorest parts of the world. Such an initiative was conceived and launched by the third Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

 

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih IVrh

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmadrh was a great scholar and visionary who quickened the propagation of Islam in many ways, especially with the establishment of Muslim Television Ahmadiyya (MTA) in 1994. With this came a new age of rapid communication and meant that the true teachings of Islam could be spread throughout the world. It was through MTA that the Caliph could be heard and seen globally. MTA has grown drastically since its inception and today serves as the premier platform on which the Caliph educates and spiritually nurtures the world, indeed people from all religions benefit from this.

 

 

Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad — Khalifatul-Masih Vaba

As the current leader of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, His Holinessaba has proactively championed the cause of Islam and is a constant source of guidance for all Muslims. In a time where Islam’s teachings are misinterpreted and portrayed in the wrong manner, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Khalifatul-Masih Vaba, continuously preaches the true teachings of Islam, thus defending Islam and allowing Muslims to be presented in a positive manner. He has visited almost every part of the world and spoken in various parliaments to explain and educate the world as to the true message of the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. This is why many Muslims turn towards him at times of crisis for guidance.

The Caliphs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community have not just been a source of guidance for those who have entered the fold of the Community, but the entire Muslim Ummah has benefitted from them since the inception of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Caliphate in 1908.

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